Thursday, December 02, 2010

Eugenics Review

The complete archive of the Eugenics Review journal - from 1909 through to 1968 - has been digitised through the Wellcome Library's Backfile Digitisation Project, and is now freely available at PubMed Central.
As the official journal of the Eugenics Education Society (later known as just the Eugenics Society) , the Review published papers written by prominent members of the eugenics movement, including Francis Galton, Julian Huxley and Major Leonard Darwin.
Eugenics is the "applied science or the biosocial movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population," usually referring to human populations. Eugenics was widely popular in the early decades of the 20th century, but has fallen into disrepute after having become associated with Nazi Germany. Since the postwar period, both the public and the scientific communities have associated eugenics with Nazi abuses, such as enforced racial hygiene, human experimentation, and the extermination of "undesired" population groups.